Đề Đọc Hiểu Số 10. Bộ Đề Thi B1 B2 Tiếng Anh Khung 6 Bậc Việt Nam của chúng tôi được cập nhật liên tục từ đề thi thật.
1. CẤU TRÚC ĐỀ THI TỔNG QUÁT 4 MÔN.
* Nghe hiểu: 3 phần - 35 câu trắc nghiệm - 45 phút
- Phần 1: 8 câu hỏi đơn. Nghe và trả lời.
- Phần 2: 3 đoạn hội thoại - mỗi đoạn 4 câu trắc nghiệm
- Phần 3: 4 bài thuyết trình - mỗi bài 5 câu trắc nghiệm
* Đọc hiểu: 4 phần - 40 câu trắc nghiệm - 60 phút
- Part 1: 1 đoạn văn - tự đọc hiểu và trả lời 10 câu trắc nghiệm
- Tương tự cho Part 2, 3, 4 nhưng mức độ khó tăng dần.
* Viết: 2 phần - 60 phút
- Task 1: viết 1 lá thư điện tử 120 từ
- Task 2: viết 1 bài luận 250 từ
* Nói: 3 phần - 12 phút
- Part 1: Cho 2 chủ đề đơn giản quanh cuộc sống như âm nhạc, nhà cửa, thể thao,... chọn 1 trong 2 chủ đề để nói.
- Part 2: Cho sẵn 1 tình huống và 3 giải pháp, thí sinh chọn 1 giải pháp mà cho rằng nó phù hợp tình huống và giải thích lý do chọn.
- Part 3: Cho sẵn 1 chủ đề, thí sinh phát triển chủ đề đó rõ ràng ra, theo gọi ý của đề.
2. ĐỀ ĐỌC HIỂU - ĐỀ SỐ 10
Directions: In this section of the test, you will read FOUR different passages, each followed by 10 questions about it. For questions 1-40, you are to choose the best answer A, B, C, or D to each question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. Answer all questions following a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage.
You have 60 minutes to answer all the questions, including the time to transfer your answers to the answer sheeT.
PASSAGE 1 – Questions 1-10
Most people picture sharks as huge, powerful, frightening predators, ready at any moment to use their sharp teeth to attack unwary swimmers without provocation. There are numerous fallacies, however, in this conception of sharks.
First, there are about 350 species of shark, and not all of them are large. They range in size from the dwarf shark, which can be only 6 inches (5 feet) long and can be held in the palm of the hand, to the whale shark, which can be more than 55 feet long.
A second fallacy concerns the number and type of teeth, which can vary tremendously among the different species of shark. A shark can have from one to seven sets of teeth at the same time, and some types of shark can have several hundred teeth in each jaw. It is true that the fierce and predatory species do possess extremely sharp and brutal teeth used to rip the prey apart; many other types of shark, however, have teeth more adapted to grabbing and holding than to cutting and slashing.
Finally, not all sharks are predatory animals ready to strike out at humans on the least whim. In fact, only 12 of the 350 species of shark have been known to attack humans, and a shark needs to be provoked in order to attack. The types of shark that have the worst record with humans are the tiger shark, the bull shark, and the great white shark. However, for most species of shark, even some of the largest types, there are no known instances of attacks on humans.
1. The author's main purpose in the passage is to _________.
A. clear up misconceptions about sharks
B. warn humans of the dangers posed by sharks
C. describe the characteristics of shark teeth
D. categorize the different kinds of sharks throughout the world
2. The word ―unwary‖ in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _________.
3. How many species of shark are there?
4. The word ―dwarf‖ in paragraph 2 refers to something that is probably
5. The longest shark is probably the _________.
A. tiger shark
B. bull shark
C. great white shark
D. whale shark
6. Which of the following is NOT true about a shark's teeth?
A. A shark can have six rows of teeth.
B. A shark can have hundreds of teeth.
C. All sharks have teeth.
D. All sharks have extremely sharp teeth.
7. A "jaw" in paragraph 3 is _________.
A. a backbone
B. a part of the shark's tail
C. a part of the stomach
D. a bone in the mouth
8. ―Prey‖ in paragraph 3 is something that is _________.
9. The passage indicates that a shark attacks a person _________.
A. for no reason
C. only if it is bothered
B. every time it sees one
D. only at night
10. It can be inferred from the passage that a person should probably be the least afraid of _________.
A. a dwarf shark
B. a tiger shark
C. a bull shark
D. a great white shark
PASSAGE 2 – Questions 11-20
Quite different from storm surges are the giant sea waves called tsunamis, which derive their name from the Japanese expression for ―high water in a harbor‖. These waves are also referred to by the general public as tidal waves, although they have relatively little to do with tides. Scientists often refer to them as seismic sea waves, far more appropriate in that they do result from undersea seismic activity.
Tsunamis are caused when the sea bottom suddenly moves, during an underwater earthquake or volcano, for example, and the water above the moving earth is suddenly displaced. This sudden shift of water sets off a series of waves. These waves can travel great distances at speeds close to 700 kilometers per hour. In the open ocean, tsunamis have little noticeable amplitude, often no more than one or two meters. It is when they hit the shallow waters near the coast that they increase in height, possibly up to 40 meters.
Tsunamis often occur in the Pacific because the Pacific is an area of heavy seismic activity. Two areas of the Pacific well accustomed to the threat of tsunamis are Japan and Hawaii. Because the seismic activity that causes tsunamis in Japan often occurs on the ocean bottom quite close to the islands, the tsunamis that hit Japan often come with little warning and can therefore prove disastrous. Most of the tsunamis that hit the Hawaiian Islands, however, originate thousands of miles away near the coast of Alaska, so these tsunamis have a much greater distance to travel and the inhabitants of Hawaii generally have time for warning of their imminent arrival.
Tsunamis are certainly not limited to Japan and Hawaii. In 1755, Europe experienced a calamitous tsunami when movement along the fault lines near the Azores caused a massive tsunami to sweep onto the Portuguese coast and flood the heavily populated area around Lisbon. The greatest tsunami on record occurred on the other side of the world in 1883 when the Krakatoa volcano underwent a massive explosion, sending waves more than 30 meters high onto nearby Indonesian islands; the tsunami from this volcano actually traveled around the world and was witnessed as far away as the English Channel.
11. The paragraph preceding this passage most probably discusses _________.
A. storm surges
C. tidal waves
D. underwater earthquakes
12. According to the passage, all of the following are true about tidal waves EXCEPT THAT _________.
A. they are the same as tsunamis
B. this terminology is not used by the scientific community
C. they are caused by sudden changes in high and low tides
D. they refer to the same phenomenon as seismic sea waves
13. The word ―displaced‖ in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _________.
B. not pleased
14. It can be inferred from the passage that tsunamis _________.
A. generally reach heights greater than 40 meters
B. cause severe damage in the middle of the ocean
C. are often identified by ships on the ocean
D. are far more dangerous on the coast than in the open ocean
15. Water that is "shallow" is not _________.
16. A main difference between tsunamis in Japan and in Hawaii is that tsunamis in Japan are more likely to _________.
A. arrive without warning
C. be less of a problem
B. come from greater distances
D. originate in Alaska
17. The word ―their‖ in paragraph 3 refers to _________.
A. these tsunamis
B. the inhabitants of Hawaii
C. the Hawaiian Islands
D. thousands of miles
18. A ―calamitous‖ tsunami in paragraph 4 is one that is _________.
B. extremely calm
C. at fault
19. From the expression ―on record‖ in paragraph 4, it can be inferred that the tsunami that accompanied the Krakatoa volcano _________.
A. was filmed as it was happening
B. occurred before efficient records were kept
C. was not as strong as the tsunami in Lisbon
D. might not be the greatest tsunami ever
20. The passage suggests that the tsunami resulting from the Krakatoa volcano _________.
A. resulted in little damage
B. caused volcanic explosions in the English Channel
C. was far more destructive close to the source than far away
D. was unobserved outside of the Indonesian islands
PASSAGE 3 – Questions 21-30
Antibiotics, sometimes known as antibacterials, are drugs used to treat infections caused by bacteria, tiny organisms, too small to see with the naked eye, that sometimes cause illnesses in humans. These include tuberculosis, salmonella poisoning, and some forms of meningitis. However, many types of bacteria do not cause illness and live harmlessly on, and in, the human body. Indeed, the human body requires certain kinds of bacteria in order to survive.
Our immune systems, with their antibodies and special white blood cells, can usually kill harmful bacteria before they multiply enough to cause symptoms that require the use of antibiotics. And even when symptoms do occur, the body can often fight off the infection. But sometimes the body is overwhelmed by a bacterial infection and needs help to get rid of it. This is where antibiotics come in. The very first antibiotic was penicillin, and along with a family of related antibiotics (such as ampicillin, amoxicillin, and benzylpenicillin) it is still used to treat many common infections. There are now also many other different kinds of antibiotics, metronidazole and tetracycline being two common examples. Some antibiotics, such as the penicillins, are ―bactericidal,‖ meaning that they work by killing bacteria. They do this by interfering with the formation of the cell walls or cell contents of the bacteria. ―Bacteriostatic‖ antibiotics, in contrast, work by stopping bacteria from multiplying before their effects can do more damage to the body.
While antibiotics can treat bacterial infections, they do not work against other organisms such as fungi, or infectious agents such as viruses. Many common illnesses, particularly those of the upper respiratory tract such as the common cold and sore throats, are usually caused by viruses, and are untreatable by antibiotics. In fact, taking antibiotics, especially in situations where they are not needed, can be harmful in the long term, as bacteria can become resistant to them, with the result that the antibiotic fails to work in situations where it would normally be beneficial. For this reason, antibiotics are available by prescription only in many countries.
Some antibiotics can be used to treat a wide range of infections and are known as ―broad-spectrum‖ antibiotics. Others are only effective against a few types of bacteria and are called ―narrow-spectrum‖ antibiotics. Some antibiotics work against aerobic bacteria, that is, organisms that need oxygen to live, while others work against anaerobic bacteria, which do not require oxygen. Sometimes, antibiotics are given to prevent an infection occurring, for example, before certain operations. This is known as prophylactic use of antibiotics and is common before orthopedic and bowel surgery.
Like other drugs, antibiotics can have their side effects. Common symptoms, experienced by many patients, are feeling or being sick. Fungal infections (in the mouth and digestive tract, for example) can also occur because the antibiotics destroy protective "good" bacteria in the body (which help prevent overgrowth of any one organism), as well as the "bad" ones, responsible for the infection being treated. Rare, but more serious, side effects can include the formation of kidney stones, abnormal blood clotting, blood disorders, and deafness, each of these depending on the type of antibiotic being administered. Furthermore, some people are allergic to certain antibiotics, particularly penicillin, and might experience rashes, swelling of the face and tongue, and difficulty in breathing. In extreme cases these symptoms, known as anaphylactic shock, can be fatal.
Antibiotics are usually taken orally in the form of a pill, but can also be administered by needle, or massaged into the part of the body affected by the infection. In the case of eyes and noses, drops can be applied. [A] However, it is important that the prescribed course is completed in order to prevent recurrence of the infection. [B] Sometimes, as already mentioned, bacteria can become resistant to an antibiotic, meaning that the drug will no longer work. [C] This tends to occur when the bacterial infection responsible for the symptoms is not completely cured, even if the symptoms have cleared up. [D] Some of the residual bacteria, having been exposed to, but not killed by, the antibiotic are more likely to grow into an infection that can survive that particular antibiotic.
21. The word ―these‖ in paragraph 1 refers to _________.
22. According to paragraph 2, why are antibiotics not always needed to fight bacteria?
A. Not all bacteria are harmful.
B. Human bodies have their own defense mechanism.
C. Most bacteria are too weak to cause illness.
D. Bacteria multiply so much that they usually kill themselves off.
23. Which of these statements is true about bacteriostatic antibiotics?
A. They are stronger than bactericidal antibiotics.
B. They prevent the increase of bacteria.
C. They alter the cell structure of bacteria.
D. They counteract the effects of the bacteria.
24. The word ―beneficial‖ in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _________.
25. According to paragraph 3, why are antibiotics only available by prescription in some countries?
A. To prevent their use in situations where they would be ineffective
B. To make sure the correct dosage is administered to tackle the virus
C. To make sure a particular bacteria is not resistant to them
D. To ensure the antibiotic administered is the right one for the illness
26. Which of the sentences below best expresses the information in the underlined statement in paragraph 5? The other choices change the meaning or leave out important information.
A. Like other medicines, antibiotics have different effects on different people.
B. The negative effects of antibiotics can be similar to those produced by other types of medicine.
C. Antibiotics are similar to other medicines in that they can have a secondary and adverse effect.
D. The positive effects of antibiotics can be limited if taken with other drugs.
27. The word ―rare‖ in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to _________.
28. In which situation might a patient taking antibiotics suffer anaphylactic shock?
A. If the antibiotics did not cure the symptoms caused by the bacteria
B. If he suffered an adverse reaction to the antibiotic
C. If he took an extremely strong antibiotic
D. If the antibiotics he took destroyed too much of his ―good‖ bacteria
29. According to paragraph 6, antibiotics can be administered by all of these methods EXCEPT _________.
A. by being chewed or swallowed
B. by being rubbed into the skin
C. by being inhaled
D. by being injected
30. Look at the four squares [_] that indicate where the following sentence can be added to the passage. The drugs usually begin to tackle the infection within a few hours, and the patient might feel better after a couple of days.
Where would the sentence best fit?
PASSAGE 4 – Questions 31-40
Pop art, an artistic movement that incorporated elements of popular culture and consumerism, was mainly a British and American cultural phenomenon of the late 1950s and 1960s. The phrase is largely attributed to the art critic Lawrence Alloway, who made particular reference to the prosaic iconography of its paintings and sculptures. Pop artists such as Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein recognized the pervasiveness of modern, mass-produced culture and embraced its symbols and folklore instead of upholding the elevated standards of so-called ―high art.‖ Rejecting any distinction between good and bad taste, pop artists readily made use of commonplace things, such as comic strips, food packaging, highway signs, and images of celebrities in their paintings and sculptures.
As it developed in the United States, pop art was first considered a reaction against abstract impressionism, an artistic movement that flourished in the decade immediately following World War 2. Whereas abstract impressionism was nonrepresentational and free in technique, pop artists incorporated figural imagery and used sharply defined, quasi-photographic techniques. Pop art took its lead from the Dadaists, an art movement from the 1920s, who broke new ground with their experiments in subject matter (the political and cultural situations that eventually led to the outbreak of the war) and the use of such modern techniques as collage.
The father of the pop art movement is often considered to be Robert Rauschenberg, who took his subject matter from the popular culture, history, and mass media of the United States. His first artworks were all-white and all-black paintings, but in subsequent works he began to make art with such objects as Coca-Cola bottles, traffic barricades, and stuffed birds, calling them ―combine‖ paintings - a combination of sculpture and painting. He also experimented with the use of newspaper and magazine photographs in his paintings, and devised a process using solvent to transfer images directly onto the canvas.
Andy Warhol was one of pop art's most innovative producers. [A] He believed that pop art should both bore its audience and indicate the dehumanization of modern life. [B] He gained his early fame by such things as repetitive paintings of soup cans and sculptures of soap pad cartons, and used a silk-screen process that allowed endless reduplication of an image. [C] He followed these with variations of celebrity portraits in garish colors. [D] He may well have got his choice of subject from hearing a critic of the time, who described her as a woman "carefully manufactured, packaged, and sold like a can of soup"
Some of the most striking forms that pop art took were Roy Lichtenstein's stylized reproductions of comic strips using the colored dots and flat tones of commercial printing. His interest in the comicstrip cartoon as an art theme probably began with a painting he made for his children of Mickey Mouse. As his technique developed, the comic-strip characters he invented were greatly enlarged, including the tiny, barely noticeable dots that make up the images in pictures found in newspapers and comic books. Bright colors and black outlines added to this technique, which resulted in paintings that were a combination of abstract and commercial art.
Claes Oldenburg's remarkable sculptures can be found in several cities, but few outside the art world recognize his name. Originally from Sweden, Oldenburg became a magazine illustrator in Chicago, before moving to New York City in 1956. It was here that he became inspired by the street life, store windows, advertising, and even trash he saw, and realized that these objects had artistic possibilities. Turning his interest from pictures to sculpture, he created a collection of painted plaster copies of food, clothing, jewelry, and other items collectively entitled ―The Store.‖ A year later, in 1962, he made huge foam rubber sculptures of hamburgers, ice creams, and slices of cake.
Pop art became such a cultural event because of its close reflection of a particular social situation and because its easily comprehensible images were immediately exploited by the mass media. Its proponents (a minority in the art world) saw it as an art that was democratic and nondiscriminatory, bringing together for the first time both connoisseurs and untrained viewers. And while it was not taken seriously by the public, it did find critical acceptance as a form of art that fitted in with the highly technological, mass-media-oriented society of western countries.
31. The word ―its‖ in paragraph 1 refers to _________.
A. popular culture
C. pop art
D. cultural phenomenon
32. The word ―embraced‖ in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _________.
33. How did people first perceive pop art in the United States?
A. As an art form that rejected all previous subjects and techniques
B. As an art form that had been inspired by political and cultural events before and after the war
C. As an art form that was a logical step in the development of abstract impressionism
D. As an art form that had rebelled against a previous style
34. According to paragraph 2, why was the Dadaist movement important in the development of the pop art movement?
A. Its members shared the same political and cultural beliefs.
B. Its use of collage was imitated by the pop art movement.
C. Its themes, like those of the pop artists, were based on the culture of war.
D. Its themes and artistic innovations inspired the pop artists.
35. All of the following statements about Robert Rauschenberg are true EXCEPT THAT _________.
A. he was probably the person who started the pop art movement.
B. he made sculptures of everyday objects such as drinks containers and traffic barriers.
C. his early pictures each contained one color only.
D. his creations incorporated elements from two different art forms.
36. The word ―devised‖ in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _________.
37. According to the author in paragraph 5, what was special about Roy Lichtenstein's paintings?
A. They were particularly noticeable and interesting examples of pop art.
B. They were especially popular with young people.
C. They were not typical pop art creations.
D. They were more commercially appealing than the work of other pop artists.
38. What can be inferred about Claes Oldenburg?
A. He had more success with his art in the USA than he did in Sweden.
B. He always preferred sculpture to painting.
C. He was successful, despite never achieving the same level of fame as other pop artist.
D. He has had more commercial success than other pop artists.
39. The word ―proponents‖ in the paragraph 7 is closest in meaning to _________.
40. Look at the four squares [_] that indicate where the following sentence can be added to the passage. One of Warhol's best - known works is a picture of the film star Marilyn Monroe. Where would the sentence best fit?